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.. The Process of Assembly
Assembler reads source code. May make many passes to resolve symbols. Creates symbol table. Final output of the assembler is an object file. Also may create list file as "documentation". Linker links object with libraries, resolves external links and generates exe file.

.. List File from emu8086
To view a list file: In Emu8086, open a file and start the emulator. Under "aux" (bottom), choose "listing" EMU8086 GENERATED LISTING. MACHINE CODE <- SOURCE. =============================================================================== [LINE] LOC: MACHINE CODE SOURCE =============================================================================== [ 1] : name "flags" [ 2] : [ 3] : org 100h [ 4] : [ 5] : ; this sample shows how cmp instruction sets the flags. [ 6] : [ 7] : ; usually cmp instruction is followed by any relative [ 8] : ; jump instruction such as: je, ja, jl, jae... [ 9] : [ 10] : ; it is recommended to click "flags" and "analyze" [ 11] : ; for better experience before stepping through code. [ 12] : [ 13] : ; (signed/unsigned) [ 14] : ; 4 is equal to 4 [ 15] 0100: B4 04 mov ah, 4 [ 16] 0102: B0 04 mov al, 4 [ 17] 0104: 3A E0 cmp ah, al [ 18] 0106: 90 nop [ 19] : [ 20] : ; (signed/unsigned) [ 21] : ; 4 is above and greater then 3 [ 22] 0107: B4 04 mov ah, 4 [ 23] 0109: B0 03 mov al, 3 [ 24] 010B: 3A E0 cmp ah, al [ 25] 010D: 90 nop [ 26] : [ 27] : ; -5 = 251 = 0fbh [ 28] : [ 29] : ;(signed) [ 30] : ; 1 is greater then -5 [ 31] 010E: B4 01 mov ah, 1 [ 32] 0110: B0 FB mov al, -5 [ 33] 0112: 3A E0 cmp ah, al [ 34] 0114: 90 nop [ 35] : [ 36] : ; (unsigned) [ 37] : ; 1 is below 251 [ 38] 0115: B4 01 mov ah, 1 [ 39] 0117: B0 FB mov al, 251 [ 40] 0119: 3A E0 cmp ah, al [ 41] 011B: 90 nop [ 42] : [ 43] : ; (signed) [ 44] : ; -3 is less then -2 [ 45] 011C: B4 FD mov ah, -3 [ 46] 011E: B0 FE mov al, -2 [ 47] 0120: 3A E0 cmp ah, al [ 48] 0122: 90 nop [ 49] : [ 50] : ; (signed) [ 51] : ; -2 is greater then -3 [ 52] 0123: B4 FE mov ah, -2 [ 53] 0125: B0 FD mov al, -3 [ 54] 0127: 3A E0 cmp ah, al [ 55] 0129: 90 nop [ 56] : [ 57] : ; (unsigned) [ 58] : ; 255 is above 1 [ 59] 012A: B4 FF mov ah, 255 [ 60] 012C: B0 01 mov al, 1 [ 61] 012E: 3A E0 cmp ah, al [ 62] 0130: 90 nop [ 63] : [ 64] : ; now a little game: [ 65] 0131: BA 5E 01 game: mov dx, offset msg1 [ 66] 0134: B4 09 mov ah, 9 [ 67] 0136: CD 21 int 21h [ 68] : [ 69] : ; read character in al: [ 70] 0138: B4 01 mov ah, 1 [ 71] 013A: CD 21 int 21h [ 72] : [ 73] 013C: 3C 30 cmp al, '0' [ 74] 013E: 72 1D jb stop [ 75] : [ 76] 0140: 3C 39 cmp al, '9' [ 77] 0142: 77 19 ja stop [ 78] : [ 79] 0144: 3C 35 cmp al, '5' [ 80] 0146: 72 07 jb below [ 81] 0148: 77 0A ja above [ 82] 014A: BA 8F 01 mov dx, offset equal_5 [ 83] 014D: EB 08 jmp print [ 84] 014F: BA A3 01 below: mov dx, offset below_5 [ 85] 0152: EB 03 jmp print [ 86] 0154: BA B5 01 above: mov dx, offset above_5 [ 87] 0157: B4 09 print: mov ah, 9 [ 88] 0159: CD 21 int 21h [ 89] 015B: EB D4 jmp game ; loop. [ 90] : [ 91] : [ 92] 015D: C3 stop: ret ; stop [ 93] : [ 94] : [ 95] 015E: 65 6E 74 65 72 20 61 20 6E 75 6D 62 msg1 db "enter a number or any other character to exit: $" 65 72 20 6F 72 20 61 6E 79 20 6F 74 68 65 72 20 63 68 61 72 61 63 74 65 72 20 74 6F 20 65 78 69 74 3A 20 20 24 [ 96] 018F: 20 69 73 20 66 69 76 65 21 20 28 65 equal_5 db " is five! (equal)", 0Dh,0Ah, "$" 71 75 61 6C 29 0D 0A 24 [ 97] 01A3: 20 69 73 20 62 65 6C 6F 77 20 66 69 below_5 db " is below five!" , 0Dh,0Ah, "$" 76 65 21 0D 0A 24 [ 98] 01B5: 20 69 73 20 61 62 6F 76 65 20 66 69 above_5 db " is above five!" , 0Dh,0Ah, "$" 76 65 21 0D 0A 24
Another example from a different assembler: 00000000 .data 00000000 00010000 val1 dword 10000h 00000004 00040000 val2 dword 40000h 00000008 00020000 val3 dword 20000h 0000000C 00000000 finalVal dword ? 00000000 .code 00000000 main PROC 00000000 A1 00000000 R mov eax,val1 ; start with 10000h 00000005 03 05 00000004 R add eax,val2 ; add 40000h 0000000B 2B 05 00000008 R sub eax,val3 ; subtract 20000h 00000011 A3 0000000C R mov finalVal,eax ; store result (30000h) 00000016 E8 00000000 E call DumpRegs ; display the registers exit 00000022 main ENDP END main ===================================================================== Actual object code from above code 00 01 00 00 <- data 00 04 00 00 00 02 00 00 00 00 00 00 A1 00 00 00 00 <- A1 = mov eax, address relative to data ssegment 03 05 00 00 00 04 <- 0305 = add eax, address relative to data ssegment 2B 05 00 00 00 08 <- 2B05 = sub eax, address relative to data ssegment A3 00 00 00 0C <- A3 = mov from eax to address E8 00 00 00 00 <- E8 = call to a function , address provided by? ========================================================================== addsub.obj -- partial object file created by the assembler 00000000 4C 01 06 00 8B F4 7D 3D-D0 0B 00 00 1C 00 00 00 L.....}=........ 00000010 00 00 00 00 2E 74 65 78-74 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 .....text....... 00000020 00 00 00 00 22 00 00 00-04 01 00 00 26 01 00 00 ....".......&... 00000030 62 01 00 00 06 00 07 00-20 00 30 60 2E 64 61 74 b....... .0`.dat 00000040 61 00 00 00 22 00 00 00-00 00 00 00 10 00 00 00 a..."........... 00000050 8C 01 00 00 00 00 00 00-00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 ................ 00000060 40 00 30 C0 53 54 41 43-4B 00 00 00 32 00 00 00 @.0.STACK...2... 00000070 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00-00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 ................ 00000080 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00-40 00 30 C0 2E 64 65 62 ........@.0..deb 00000090 75 67 24 53 32 00 00 00-00 00 00 00 51 01 00 00 ug$S2.......Q... 000000A0 9C 01 00 00 EE 02 00 00-00 00 00 00 0A 00 00 00 ................ 000000B0 40 00 10 42 2E 64 65 62-75 67 24 54 83 01 00 00 @..B.debug$T.... 000000C0 00 00 00 00 70 08 00 00-52 03 00 00 00 00 00 00 ....p...R....... 000000D0 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00-40 00 10 42 2E 64 72 65 ........@..B.dre 000000E0 63 74 76 65 F3 09 00 00-00 00 00 00 0E 00 00 00 ctve............ 000000F0 C2 0B 00 00 00 00 00 00-00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 ................ 00000100 00 0A 00 00 A1 00 00 00-00 03 05 00 00 00 00 2B ...............+ 00000110 05 00 00 00 00 A3 00 00-00 00 E8 00 00 00 00 6A ...............j 00000120 00 E8 00 00 00 00 01 00-00 00 0F 00 00 00 06 00 ................ 00000130 07 00 00 00 10 00 00 00-06 00 0D 00 00 00 12 00 ................ … 00000E40 43 4C 55 44 45 5C 49 72-76 69 6E 65 33 32 2E 69 CLUDE\Irvine32.i 00000E50 6E 63 47 80 0D 00 0B 41-64 64 53 75 62 32 2E 61 ncG€...AddSub2.a 00000E60 73 6D 94 sm. data elsewhere in object file ================================================ and the exe?? where does that come from??

.. List File Example from MASM Microsoft Assembler
Microsoft (R) Macro Assembler Version 8.00.50727.42 11/29/07 23:07:53 .Encryption Program (Encrypt.asm Page 1 - 1 TITLE Encryption Program (Encrypt.asm) ; This program demonstrates simple symmetric ; encryption using the XOR instruction. ; Chapter 6 example. ; Last update: 06/01/2006 INCLUDE Irvine32.inc C ; Include file for Irvine32.lib (Irvine32.inc) C C ;OPTION CASEMAP:NONE ; optional: make identifiers case-sensitive C C INCLUDE SmallWin.inc ; MS-Windows prototypes, structures, constants C .NOLIST C .LIST C C INCLUDE VirtualKeys.inc C ; VirtualKeys.inc C .NOLIST C .LIST C C C .NOLIST C .LIST C = 000000EF KEY = 239 ; any value between 1-255 = 00000080 BUFMAX = 128 ; maximum buffer size 00000000 .data 00000000 45 6E 74 65 72 sPrompt BYTE "Enter the plain text: ",0 20 74 68 65 20 70 6C 61 69 6E 20 74 65 78 74 3A 20 00 00000017 43 69 70 68 65 sEncrypt BYTE "Cipher text: ",0 72 20 74 65 78 74 3A 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 00 0000002E 44 65 63 72 79 sDecrypt BYTE "Decrypted: ",0 70 74 65 64 3A 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 00 00000045 00000081 [ buffer BYTE BUFMAX+1 DUP(0) 00 ] 000000C6 00000000 bufSize DWORD ? 00000000 .code 00000000 main PROC 00000000 E8 00000025 call InputTheString ; input the plain text 00000005 E8 00000062 call TranslateBuffer ; encrypt the buffer 0000000A BA 00000017 R mov edx,OFFSET sEncrypt ; display encrypted msg 0000000F E8 0000003C call DisplayMessage 00000014 E8 00000053 call TranslateBuffer ; decrypt the buffer 00000019 BA 0000002E R mov edx,OFFSET sDecrypt ; display decrypted msg 0000001E E8 0000002D call DisplayMessage exit 0000002A main ENDP ;----------------------------------------------------- 0000002A InputTheString PROC ; ; Prompts user for a plaintext string. Saves the string ; and its length. ; Receives: nothing ; Returns: nothing ;----------------------------------------------------- 0000002A 60 pushad 0000002B BA 00000000 R mov edx,OFFSET sPrompt ; display a prompt 00000030 E8 00000000 E call WriteString 00000035 B9 00000080 mov ecx,BUFMAX ; max character count 0000003A BA 00000045 R mov edx,OFFSET buffer ; point to the buffer 0000003F E8 00000000 E call ReadString ; input the string 00000044 A3 000000C6 R mov bufSize,eax ; save the length 00000049 E8 00000000 E call Crlf 0000004E 61 popad 0000004F C3 ret 00000050 InputTheString ENDP ;----------------------------------------------------- 00000050 DisplayMessage PROC ; ; Displays the encrypted or decrypted message. ; Receives: EDX points to the message ; Returns: nothing ;----------------------------------------------------- 00000050 60 pushad 00000051 E8 00000000 E call WriteString 00000056 BA 00000045 R mov edx,OFFSET buffer ; display the buffer 0000005B E8 00000000 E call WriteString 00000060 E8 00000000 E call Crlf 00000065 E8 00000000 E call Crlf 0000006A 61 popad 0000006B C3 ret 0000006C DisplayMessage ENDP ;----------------------------------------------------- 0000006C TranslateBuffer PROC ; ; Translates the string by exclusive-ORing each ; byte with the encryption key byte. ; Receives: nothing ; Returns: nothing ;----------------------------------------------------- 0000006C 60 pushad 0000006D 8B 0D 000000C6 R mov ecx,bufSize ; loop counter 00000073 BE 00000000 mov esi,0 ; index 0 in buffer 00000078 L1: 00000078 80 B6 00000045 R xor buffer[esi],KEY ; translate a byte EF 0000007F 46 inc esi ; point to next byte 00000080 E2 F6 loop L1 00000082 61 popad 00000083 C3 ret 00000084 TranslateBuffer ENDP END main Microsoft (R) Macro Assembler Version 8.00.50727.42 11/29/07 23:07:53 .Encryption Program (Encrypt.asm Symbols 2 - 1 Structures and Unions: N a m e Size Offset Type CONSOLE_CURSOR_INFO . . . . . . 00000008 dwSize . . . . . . . . . . . . 00000000 DWord bVisible . . . . . . . . . . . 00000004 DWord CONSOLE_SCREEN_BUFFER_INFO . . . 00000016 dwSize . . . . . . . . . . . . 00000000 DWord dwCursorPosition . . . . . . . 00000004 DWord wAttributes . . . . . . . . . 00000008 Word srWindow . . . . . . . . . . . 0000000A QWord dwMaximumWindowSize . . . . . 00000012 DWord COORD . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00000004 X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00000000 Word Y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00000002 Word FILETIME . . . . . . . . . . . . 00000008 loDateTime . . . . . . . . . . 00000000 DWord hiDateTime . . . . . . . . . . 00000004 DWord FOCUS_EVENT_RECORD . . . . . . . 00000004 bSetFocus . . . . . . . . . . 00000000 DWord FPU_ENVIRON . . . . . . . . . . 0000001C controlWord . . . . . . . . . 00000000 Word statusWord . . . . . . . . . . 00000004 Word tagWord . . . . . . . . . . . 00000008 Word instrPointerOffset . . . . . . 0000000C DWord instrPointerSelector . . . . . 00000010 DWord operandPointerOffset . . . . . 00000014 DWord operandPointerSelector . . . . 00000018 Word INPUT_RECORD . . . . . . . . . . 00000014 EventType . . . . . . . . . . 00000000 Word Event . . . . . . . . . . . . 00000004 00000010 bKeyDown . . . . . . . . . . . 00000000 DWord wRepeatCount . . . . . . . . . 00000004 Word wVirtualKeyCode . . . . . . . 00000006 Word wVirtualScanCode . . . . . . . 00000008 Word uChar . . . . . . . . . . . . 0000000A Word UnicodeChar . . . . . . . . . 00000000 Word AsciiChar . . . . . . . . . . 00000000 Byte dwControlKeyState . . . . . . 0000000C DWord dwMousePosition . . . . . . . 00000000 DWord dwButtonState . . . . . . . . 00000004 DWord dwMouseControlKeyState . . . . 00000008 DWord dwEventFlags . . . . . . . . . 0000000C DWord dwSize . . . . . . . . . . . . 00000000 DWord dwCommandId . . . . . . . . . 00000000 DWord bSetFocus . . . . . . . . . . 00000000 DWord KEY_EVENT_RECORD . . . . . . . . 00000010 bKeyDown . . . . . . . . . . . 00000000 DWord wRepeatCount . . . . . . . . . 00000004 Word wVirtualKeyCode . . . . . . . 00000006 Word wVirtualScanCode . . . . . . . 00000008 Word uChar . . . . . . . . . . . . 0000000A Word UnicodeChar . . . . . . . . . 00000000 Word AsciiChar . . . . . . . . . . 00000000 Byte dwControlKeyState . . . . . . 0000000C DWord MENU_EVENT_RECORD . . . . . . . 00000004 dwCommandId . . . . . . . . . 00000000 DWord MOUSE_EVENT_RECORD . . . . . . . 00000010 dwMousePosition . . . . . . . 00000000 DWord dwButtonState . . . . . . . . 00000004 DWord dwMouseControlKeyState . . . . 00000008 DWord dwEventFlags . . . . . . . . . 0000000C DWord SMALL_RECT . . . . . . . . . . . 00000008 Left . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00000000 Word Top . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00000002 Word Right . . . . . . . . . . . . 00000004 Word Bottom . . . . . . . . . . . . 00000006 Word SYSTEMTIME . . . . . . . . . . . 00000010 wYear . . . . . . . . . . . . 00000000 Word wMonth . . . . . . . . . . . . 00000002 Word wDayOfWeek . . . . . . . . . . 00000004 Word wDay . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00000006 Word wHour . . . . . . . . . . . . 00000008 Word wMinute . . . . . . . . . . . 0000000A Word wSecond . . . . . . . . . . . 0000000C Word wMilliseconds . . . . . . . . 0000000E Word WINDOW_BUFFER_SIZE_RECORD . . . 00000004 dwSize . . . . . . . . . . . . 00000000 DWord Segments and Groups: N a m e Size Length Align Combine Class FLAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GROUP STACK . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Bit 00001000 Para Stack 'STACK' _DATA . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Bit 000000CA Para Public 'DATA' _TEXT . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Bit 00000084 Para Public 'CODE' Procedures, parameters, and locals: N a m e Type Value Attr CloseFile . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL CloseHandle . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL Clrscr . . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL CreateFileA . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL CreateOutputFile . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL Crlf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL Delay . . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL DisplayMessage . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000050 _TEXT Length= 0000001C Public STDCALL DumpMem . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL DumpRegs . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL ExitProcess . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL FileTimeToDosDateTime . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL FileTimeToSystemTime . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL FlushConsoleInputBuffer . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL FormatMessageA . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL GetCommandLineA . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL GetCommandTail . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL GetConsoleCP . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL GetConsoleCursorInfo . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL GetConsoleMode . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL GetDateTime . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL GetFileTime . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL GetKeyState . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL GetLastError . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL GetLocalTime . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL GetMaxXY . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL GetMseconds . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL GetNumberOfConsoleInputEvents . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL GetProcessHeap . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL GetStdHandle . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL GetSystemTime . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL GetTextColor . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL GetTickCount . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL Gotoxy . . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL HeapAlloc . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL HeapCreate . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL HeapDestroy . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL HeapFree . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL HeapSize . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL InputTheString . . . . . . . . . P Near 0000002A _TEXT Length= 00000026 Public STDCALL IsDigit . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL LocalFree . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL MessageBoxA . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL MsgBoxAsk . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL MsgBox . . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL OpenInputFile . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL ParseDecimal32 . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL ParseInteger32 . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL PeekConsoleInputA . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL Random32 . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL RandomRange . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL Randomize . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL ReadChar . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL ReadConsoleA . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL ReadConsoleInputA . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL ReadDec . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL ReadFile . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL ReadFloat . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL ReadFromFile . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL ReadHex . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL ReadInt . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL ReadKeyFlush . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL ReadKey . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL ReadString . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL SetConsoleCursorInfo . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL SetConsoleCursorPosition . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL SetConsoleMode . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL SetConsoleScreenBufferSize . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL SetConsoleTextAttribute . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL SetConsoleTitleA . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL SetConsoleWindowInfo . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL SetFilePointer . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL SetLocalTime . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL SetTextColor . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL ShowFPUStack . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL Sleep . . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL StrLength . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL Str_compare . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL Str_copy . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL Str_length . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL Str_trim . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL Str_ucase . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL SystemTimeToFileTime . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL TranslateBuffer . . . . . . . . P Near 0000006C _TEXT Length= 00000018 Public STDCALL L1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L Near 00000078 _TEXT WaitMsg . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL WriteBinB . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL WriteBin . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL WriteChar . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL WriteConsoleA . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL WriteConsoleOutputAttribute . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL WriteConsoleOutputCharacterA . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL WriteDec . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL WriteFile . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL WriteFloat . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL WriteHexB . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL WriteHex . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL WriteInt . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL WriteStackFrameName . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL WriteStackFrame . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL WriteString . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL WriteToFile . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL WriteWindowsMsg . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External STDCALL main . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 _TEXT Length= 0000002A Public STDCALL printf . . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External C scanf . . . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External C wsprintfA . . . . . . . . . . . P Near 00000000 FLAT Length= 00000000 External C Symbols: N a m e Type Value Attr @CodeSize . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000000h @DataSize . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000000h @Interface . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000003h @Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000007h @code . . . . . . . . . . . . . Text _TEXT @data . . . . . . . . . . . . . Text FLAT @fardata? . . . . . . . . . . . Text FLAT @fardata . . . . . . . . . . . . Text FLAT @stack . . . . . . . . . . . . . Text FLAT ALT_MASK . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000003h BUFMAX . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000080h CAPSLOCK_ON . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000080h CREATE_ALWAYS . . . . . . . . . Number 00000002h CREATE_NEW . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000001h CTRL_MASK . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000000Ch CreateFile . . . . . . . . . . . Text CreateFileA DO_NOT_SHARE . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000000h ENABLE_ECHO_INPUT . . . . . . . Number 00000004h ENABLE_LINE_INPUT . . . . . . . Number 00000002h ENABLE_MOUSE_INPUT . . . . . . . Number 00000010h ENABLE_PROCESSED_INPUT . . . . . Number 00000001h ENABLE_PROCESSED_OUTPUT . . . . Number 00000001h ENABLE_WINDOW_INPUT . . . . . . Number 00000008h ENABLE_WRAP_AT_EOL_OUTPUT . . . Number 00000002h ENHANCED_KEY . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000100h FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000000h FILE_APPEND_DATA . . . . . . . . Number 00000004h FILE_ATTRIBUTE_ARCHIVE . . . . . Number 00000020h FILE_ATTRIBUTE_COMPRESSED . . . Number 00000800h FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DEVICE . . . . . Number 00000040h FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY . . . . Number 00000010h FILE_ATTRIBUTE_ENCRYPTED . . . . Number 00004000h FILE_ATTRIBUTE_HIDDEN . . . . . Number 00000002h FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL . . . . . Number 00000080h FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NOT_CONTENT_INDEXED . Number 00002000h FILE_ATTRIBUTE_OFFLINE . . . . . Number 00001000h FILE_ATTRIBUTE_READONLY . . . . Number 00000001h FILE_ATTRIBUTE_REPARSE_POINT . . Number 00000400h FILE_ATTRIBUTE_SPARSE_FILE . . . Number 00000200h FILE_ATTRIBUTE_SYSTEM . . . . . Number 00000004h FILE_ATTRIBUTE_TEMPORARY . . . . Number 00000100h FILE_BEGIN . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000000h FILE_CURRENT . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000001h FILE_DELETE_CHILD . . . . . . . Number 00000040h FILE_END . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000002h FILE_READ_DATA . . . . . . . . . Number 00000001h FILE_SHARE_DELETE . . . . . . . Number 00000004h FILE_SHARE_READ . . . . . . . . Number 00000001h FILE_SHARE_WRITE . . . . . . . . Number 00000002h FILE_WRITE_DATA . . . . . . . . Number 00000002h FOCUS_EVENT . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000010h FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER . Number 00000100h FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM . . . Number 00001000h FormatMessage . . . . . . . . . Text FormatMessageA GENERIC_ALL . . . . . . . . . . Number 10000000h GENERIC_EXECUTE . . . . . . . . Number 20000000h GENERIC_READ . . . . . . . . . . Number -80000000h GENERIC_WRITE . . . . . . . . . Number 40000000h GetCommandLine . . . . . . . . . Text GetCommandLineA HANDLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . Text DWORD HEAP_GENERATE_EXCEPTIONS . . . . Number 00000004h HEAP_GROWABLE . . . . . . . . . Number 00000002h HEAP_NO_SERIALIZE . . . . . . . Number 00000001h HEAP_REALLOC_IN_PLACE_ONLY . . . Number 00000010h HEAP_ZERO_MEMORY . . . . . . . . Number 00000008h IDABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000003h IDCANCEL . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000002h IDCLOSE . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000008h IDCONTINUE . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000000Bh IDHELP . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000009h IDIGNORE . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000005h IDNO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000007h IDOK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000001h IDRETRY . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000004h IDTIMEOUT . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00007D00h IDTRYAGAIN . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000000Ah IDYES . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000006h INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE . . . . . . Number -00000001h KBDOWN_FLAG . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000001h KEY_EVENT . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000001h KEY_MASKS . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000001Fh KEY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 000000EFh LEFT_ALT_PRESSED . . . . . . . . Number 00000002h LEFT_CTRL_PRESSED . . . . . . . Number 00000008h MB_ABORTRETRYIGNORE . . . . . . Number 00000002h MB_APPLMODAL . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000000h MB_CANCELTRYCONTINUE . . . . . . Number 00000006h MB_DEFBUTTON1 . . . . . . . . . Number 00000000h MB_DEFBUTTON2 . . . . . . . . . Number 00000100h MB_DEFBUTTON3 . . . . . . . . . Number 00000200h MB_DEFBUTTON4 . . . . . . . . . Number 00000300h MB_HELP . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00004000h MB_ICONASTERISK . . . . . . . . Number 00000040h MB_ICONERROR . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000010h MB_ICONEXCLAMATION . . . . . . . Number 00000030h MB_ICONHAND . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000010h MB_ICONINFORMATION . . . . . . . Number 00000040h MB_ICONQUESTION . . . . . . . . Number 00000020h MB_ICONSTOP . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000010h MB_ICONWARNING . . . . . . . . . Number 00000030h MB_OKCANCEL . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000001h MB_OK . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000000h MB_RETRYCANCEL . . . . . . . . . Number 00000005h MB_SYSTEMMODAL . . . . . . . . . Number 00001000h MB_TASKMODAL . . . . . . . . . . Number 00002000h MB_USERICON . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000080h MB_YESNOCANCEL . . . . . . . . . Number 00000003h MB_YESNO . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000004h MENU_EVENT . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000008h MOUSE_EVENT . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000002h MessageBox . . . . . . . . . . . Text MessageBoxA NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000000h NUMLOCK_ON . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000020h OPEN_ALWAYS . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000004h OPEN_EXISTING . . . . . . . . . Number 00000003h PeekConsoleInput . . . . . . . . Text PeekConsoleInputA RIGHT_ALT_PRESSED . . . . . . . Number 00000001h RIGHT_CTRL_PRESSED . . . . . . . Number 00000004h ReadConsoleInput . . . . . . . . Text ReadConsoleInputA ReadConsole . . . . . . . . . . Text ReadConsoleA SCROLLLOCK_ON . . . . . . . . . Number 00000040h SHIFT_MASK . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000010h SHIFT_PRESSED . . . . . . . . . Number 00000010h STD_ERROR_HANDLE . . . . . . . . Number -0000000Ch STD_INPUT_HANDLE . . . . . . . . Number -0000000Ah STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE . . . . . . . Number -0000000Bh SetConsoleTitle . . . . . . . . Text SetConsoleTitleA TAB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000009h TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000001h TRUNCATE_EXISTING . . . . . . . Number 00000005h VK_11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 000000BDh VK_12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 000000BBh VK_ADD . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000006Bh VK_BACK . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000008h VK_CANCEL . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000003h VK_CAPITAL . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000014h VK_CLEAR . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000000Ch VK_CONTROL . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000011h VK_DECIMAL . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000006Eh VK_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000002Eh VK_DIVIDE . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000006Fh VK_DOWN . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000028h VK_END . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000023h VK_ESCAPE . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000001Bh VK_EXECUTE . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000002Bh VK_F10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000079h VK_F11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000007Ah VK_F12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000007Bh VK_F13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000007Ch VK_F14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000007Dh VK_F15 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000007Eh VK_F16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000007Fh VK_F17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000080h VK_F18 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000081h VK_F19 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000082h VK_F1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000070h VK_F20 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000083h VK_F21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000084h VK_F22 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000085h VK_F23 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000086h VK_F24 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000087h VK_F2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000071h VK_F3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000072h VK_F4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000073h VK_F5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000074h VK_F6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000075h VK_F7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000076h VK_F8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000077h VK_F9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000078h VK_HELP . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000002Fh VK_HOME . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000024h VK_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000002Dh VK_LBUTTON . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000001h VK_LCONTROL . . . . . . . . . . Number 000000A2h VK_LEFT . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000025h VK_LMENU . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 000000A4h VK_LSHIFT . . . . . . . . . . . Number 000000A0h VK_MENU . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000012h VK_MULTIPLY . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000006Ah VK_NEXT . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000022h VK_NUMLOCK . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000090h VK_NUMPAD0 . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000060h VK_NUMPAD1 . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000061h VK_NUMPAD2 . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000062h VK_NUMPAD3 . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000063h VK_NUMPAD4 . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000064h VK_NUMPAD5 . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000065h VK_NUMPAD6 . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000066h VK_NUMPAD7 . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000067h VK_NUMPAD8 . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000068h VK_NUMPAD9 . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000069h VK_PAUSE . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000013h VK_PRINT . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000002Ah VK_PRIOR . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000021h VK_RBUTTON . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000002h VK_RCONTROL . . . . . . . . . . Number 000000A3h VK_RETURN . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000000Dh VK_RIGHT . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000027h VK_RMENU . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 000000A5h VK_RSHIFT . . . . . . . . . . . Number 000000A1h VK_SCROLL . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000091h VK_SEPARATER . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000006Ch VK_SHIFT . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000010h VK_SNAPSHOT . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000002Ch VK_SPACE . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000020h VK_SUBTRACT . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000006Dh VK_TAB . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000009h VK_UP . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000026h WINDOW_BUFFER_SIZE_EVENT . . . . Number 00000004h WriteConsoleOutputCharacter . . Text WriteConsoleOutputCharacterA WriteConsole . . . . . . . . . . Text WriteConsoleA black . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000000h blue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000001h brown . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000006h bufSize . . . . . . . . . . . . DWord 000000C6 _DATA buffer . . . . . . . . . . . . . Byte 00000045 _DATA cyan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000003h exit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Text INVOKE ExitProcess,0 gray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000008h green . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000002h lightBlue . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000009h lightCyan . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000000Bh lightGray . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000007h lightGreen . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000000Ah lightMagenta . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000000Dh lightRed . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000000Ch magenta . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000005h red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 00000004h sDecrypt . . . . . . . . . . . . Byte 0000002E _DATA sEncrypt . . . . . . . . . . . . Byte 00000017 _DATA sPrompt . . . . . . . . . . . . Byte 00000000 _DATA white . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000000Fh wsprintf . . . . . . . . . . . . Text wsprintfA yellow . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 0000000Eh 0 Warnings 0 Errors